Google-Earth file MoscowEnvirons.kmz
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The Church of the Intercession
TThe Church of the Intercession in Fili, 1669 and later, an UNESCO-protected example of Moscow Baroque.
Istra New Jerusalem Monastery
1656 – 19th cent
Vozhdesdvenskiy Monastery. Founded by Patriarch Nikon (who later created the chism in the Russian church). Badly damaged during WW II. Now beautifully restored.
Under the fantasy dome on theleft rests a replica of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.
Dimitrov Kreml, Uspensky Cathedral, 15th cent
Photo RWFG 1977
St John Baptist, Rublyov (or follower) from the deesis in the Nicholas-Peshnoshskogo monastery near Dmitrov, 1525, Rublyov Museum, Moscow
For reference see icon-art
Zvenigorod Dormition Cathedral
1396-1399 Uspensky Sobor
Zvenigorod Dormition Cathedral in the village
Zvenigorod Nativity Cathedral
1405, Rozhdestvenskiy Sobor
Zvenigorod Cathedral of the Nativity
Rublyov's Deesis in the Zvenigorod Nativity Cathedral 1410
Only three panels have survived which are now in the Tretyakov Gallery, among them this extraordinary Christ, the quintessence of the Russian vision of the Savior.
All photos RWFG 1977
For a detailed discussion of the Zvenigorod Deesis see V. N. Lazarev, 2000 (in Russian)
Kolomenskoye, Church of the Assumption
The Church of the Assumption with its characteristic tent-roof 1532
Murom, Troitskiy Novodevechi Monastery
The Troitsky Cathedral in the Novodeviche Monastery of Murom, 1643
In the 9th century, the city marked the easternmost settlement of the Eastern Slavs in the land of Finno-Ugric people called Muromi. Between 1010 and 1393, it was a capital of a separate principality, whose rulers included St. Gleb, assassinated in 1015, canonized in 1071 and buried here. St Prince Konstantin the Blessed, and Sts Peter and Theuronia are the subjects of an opera by Rimsky-Korsakov. In 1552, Muron was besieged by Ivan the Terrible who commissioned a stone cathedral, which was followed by other churches.
Sts. Boris and Gleb, Moscow School, early 14th cent, Russian Musem St. Petersburg
(d.1015) and Gleb (d.1015), martyrs and saints of the Russian
Orthodox Church, were the sons of the Kievan Grand Duke Vladimir
(d.1015), who adopted Christianity and made it the official religion
of Kievan Rus. Vladimir had 12 sons by different wives. Boris and
Gleb were the sons of Anne of Constantinople. Vladimir put all his 12
sons at the head of different princedoms. Boris ruled in Rostov and
Gleb in Murom. Their brother Svaytopolk (Kiev) attempted to adopt
Catholicism and change Russia to Roman subordination. This invoked
the displeasure of many influential people of the time. Treacherous
Svyatopolk killed both brothers. They became popular saints in
Russia, where many churches were dedicated to them.
Text from Olga's Gallery
1525 - 1531
The Kolomna Kreml was built by Tsar Vasily III in 1525 – 1331
Photo RWFG 1977
This unusual Anastasis- Christ's Descent into Hell, the earliest icon of its kind, was painted by Dionysius in 1502 for the Asssumption Cathedral in Kolomna. It is now in the Tretyakov Gallery.
Serpukhov Vysotsky Monastery
1370 - 19th cent
The Serpukhov Vysotsky (Imperial) Monastery dates back to the 1370s. It was founded by Vladimir the Bold and long served as a border fortress defending the southern approaches to Moscow from the Tatars. The first hegumen, Afanasy the Elder, was a disciple of St. Sergius of Radonezh, whose successor, St. Nikon of Radonezh, is believed to have taken his vows a monk in this monastery. After the Russo–Crimean War (1571), which saw the monastery reduced to ashes, it was restored on a grander scale. The five-domed Cathedral of the Conception dates from that building campaign, financed by Ivan the Terrible.
It became the most important shrine of Serpukhov and welcomed rich patrons wishing to be buried within the monastery walls. Among those buried there are Gavrila Golovkin, the Chancellor of Peter the Great, and Fyodor Soimonov, the Governor of Siberia. The Neoclassical belfry was completed in the 1840s.
The modern monastery derives its prosperity from the venerated copy of the icon of the Inexhaustible Chalice, which attracts hundreds of pilgrims from all over Russia and abroad. The icon is said to be particularly effective in the treatment of alcoholism!
Serpukhov Vladychny Monastery
Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin in the Vladychnoe Monastery, 11th cent. To the left is the Church of St. George (17th cent)
The original Ryazan, first recorded in 1095, lay downstream at the Pronya confluence. The seat of the early principality of Ryazan was destroyed in 1237 by the Mongols; only the ruins of its ramparts remain. Pereslavl-Ryazansky, thought to have been founded in 1095, was unimportant until the 13th century when the Ryazan bishopric was moved there. Sacked by Moscow in 1371 and by the Tatars in 1372 and 1378, it became the seat of a principality in the 15th century. In 1521 it passed to Moscow and was renamed Ryazan in 1778.
Church at Busharovo
Buzharovo, Church of the Transfiguration (1895)
Nikolo-Uryupino, Nicholas-Ugresh Monastery
end 19th cent
Nicholas-Ugresh Monastery, Transfiguration Cathedral (1880-1894)
The monastery was founded in 1380 by Grand Duke Dmitry Donskoy on the site of an appearance of the icon St. Nicholas. - Included here because of the beauty of the Panoramio photo!
Dzerzhinsky, Nikolo Urgensky Monastery
Cathedral of the Transfiguration in Nicholas-Ugresh Monastery
Two other wonder-working Panoramio photos of the ensemble
Church in the name of Patriarch Pimen at Nicholas-Ugresh Monastery, 2001 - 2002 (!). Built on the site of the monastery cemetery by Guin MJ RF in memory of his comrades fallen in WWII. (in the south-western corner of the wall enclosure)
Vvedensky Monastery at Optina pustyn'
1767 - 19th cent
Like an appartiton the Vvedensky Monastery of Optina appears in the "Desert" (pustyn').
The monastery was a
significant spiritual center of Russia of 19th century. A number of
spiritually gifted presbyters ("starets") such as Amvrosy,
Makary, Leonid lived here. (all 19th century). The starets had the
gift of healing and prophecy. The monastery was closed by the
communists in 1923. The last "starets" , Nectary was driven
into exile in 1923 where he died in the late twenties.
In 1878 Dostoevsky took refuge here when his son Aleksei died from a epileptic fit. Dostoevsky was devastated by this loss and made Aleksei the protagonist of his last novel, The Brothers Karamazov. The Father starets at Optina Monastery became the prototype for Father Zossima.
Cathedral of the Presentation of the Virgin, 1767
the cathedral follows a traditional church architecture in the shape
of the cross. It is filled with the severe tombs of the deceased. The
simplicity of its execution only underscores its essence. The main
thing in the church is prayer. The solid stone walls are carefully
cared for today's monks. Despite the change of the generations of
monks, prayers replace the service. The place has an unearthly beauty
of holiness were in it the great prayer of the Russian land, the
fathers of Optina are remembered. At present the relics of Ambrose
and Nektarios are buried in the cathedral in a shrine which attracts
daily hundreds of believers.
For more photos and a description see sobory.ru
Nikolai Usupov's lavish estate
Venus in the Park
This historic estate
dates back to the 16th Century. It first came to prominence when
Prince Nikolai Golitsyn, a favourite of Catherine the Great, began to
build a magnificent palace on the site in the 1780s. The project took
decades, and he died long before it was finished. In 1809, Prince
Nikolai Usupov, the biggest landowner in Russia, bought the estate
and continued the building of the house and park.
Usupov, the owner of over 20,000 serfs, was a famous epicurean and dilettante, whose social position did not prevent him from expressing admiration for Rousseau and Voltaire, the latter of whom he met and corresponded with. His collection of art contained over 500 paintings, and was renowned throughout Europe. He also found time to dabble in science and the theater, and lived to the age of eighty, surrounding himself with beautiful works of art, rare books, oriental porcelain and a harem of girls.
Next to Usopov's estate at Arkhangelskoe is this often forgotten Church of the Archangel Mikhael, 1667.
A good example of 17th-century Moscow architecture. (Visited 1977 and 1984).